“History, Mystery, Majesty”

Matthew 24:36-44

December 1, 2019 – Advent 1, Year A

The Rev. Todd R. Goddard, Pastor

Rush United Methodist Church


Matthew 24:36-44


“But about that day and hour no one knows, neither the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. For as the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. For as in those days before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day Noah entered the ark, and they knew nothing until the flood came and swept them all away, so too will be the coming of the Son of Man. Then two will be in the field; one will be taken and one will be left. Two women will be grinding meal together; one will be taken and one will be left.


Keep awake therefore, for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming. But understand this: if the owner of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have stayed awake and would not have let his house be broken into. Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour.






Welcome to Advent;

A four-week season preceding Christmas;

A sacred time

Meant for our spiritual preparation.


During these cold and overcast days,

We remember God’s remarkable action in salvation history,

When Jesus,

Was born a baby in Bethlehem.

Mary, Joseph, angels, shepherds, and wise men all play a role in history’s greatest activity.


During Advent

We focus our thoughts on the mystery of incarnation.

We interpret Gospel and discern God’s revelation.

We experience sacrament,

Christ’s body and blood,

His presence among us and in us

To plumb the depths of God’s mystery.


Over these next four weeks

We anticipate the majesty of Christ’s promise

To return,

With justice and judgment,

To complete God’s kingdom.


History: a newborn baby, wrapped in swaddling cloths, laying in a manger.

Mystery: Christ with us and in us. What does this mean?

Majesty: Christ’s promise to return at any moment. What should we do?


What should we do?


Stop the music.

Cut the Christmas carols.

Suspend the shopping.

Postpone raising a tree and stringing the lights.

Jesus has other plans.


Nothing says “Welcome to Advent”

Quite like an apocalyptic Gospel passage of Jesus teaching

About the coming of the Son of Man, impending judgment, and possible death!



Insight to the future

often results in a change in current behavior.


There was once a time and era

when it wasn’t unusual for a relative to call

to inform the family that they were coming to town

… they couldn’t say exactly when …

and that they hoped to stop in to say “hi”

and maybe join the family for dinner.

(I know; in an era of cell phones and economy motels it is hard for some to imagine.)


“Certainly!” would be the hospitable response.

“Drop in any time.”

As soon as the phone was returned to its hook

(remember when phones had hooks?),

a flurry of housecleaning would ensue.

Sheets would be replaced on the bed,

the vacuum would roar to life,

the dust mop would be shook out the back door, sprayed with Pledge, and run across the floor.


All clutter would be swept away,

leaving the house with the smell of Lysol, Murphy’s Oil Soap, and a whole host of assorted household cleaning fluids.

Protesting to your mother would only result in a stern look

and a point to your offending domain with the implied command,

“clean up your room!”

Each ensuing day would be lived in expectation;

“will today be the day?”

Will the cousins, the aunt, or the uncle show up today? or maybe tomorrow?

We haven’t seen them in a while, I wonder what’s new?


Behavior changed until the time of their arrival.

Order was rigidly enforced.

Messes were immediately cleaned up.

Clutter wasn’t allowed to accumulate.

Nothing could disturb the carefully preserved order.

Life would be lived with spotless anticipation that at any moment,

the familiar station wagon would wheel into the driveway

and cousins would spill forth.



Insight to the future

often results in a change in current behavior.


I know I’m talking to the choir,

but our Gospel for this morning is the perfect opportunity

to recognize that life is defined by a limited span,

between birth and death.


Diseases aren’t terminal; life is.

Each of us will one day die.

This doesn’t change with a doctor’s diagnosis.

Every one of us are given a span of time

in which we can change the world with the

words we chose and

the choices we make.


Though we intellectually know that one day we will die,

it usually takes a long life to come to terms with this fact.

Our thoughts and faith require a long time to simmer in the pot of human development.

As we age and mature,

and as our bodies ache and begin to fail,

we begin to see the end of our earthly life more clearly.

Clarity comes to faith,

Allowing us to make preparation for the life that is to come.


Too bad most of us don’t do this at a younger age.

People wouldn’t take up smoking,

drive recklessly or

try street drugs

if they considered the mortal and eternal consequences of their actions.

It is a good thing to prepare,

and as your pastor,

I’d encourage you to start sooner rather than later.



With age and maturity comes insight to the future.

That often results in a change in current behavior.


If we were entirely self-absorbed and ego centric,

we would stop with our Gospel lesson for this morning

with the belief that it is entirely about death, dying and eternity.

But that is only half of the story.


In the time of Noah, we are reminded,

the people who faced judgment and death were those who didn’t get into the boat.

Noah and his family did.

Their lives were spared.


Jesus tells us this morning,

two will be in the field;

one will be taken and one left.

Similar to Noah,

the one taken will face judgment and death.

The one left behind is spared.


(It always makes me laugh when I think about false teaching about rapture.

Fact is, fear mongering end times nut job preachers and believers get it backwards.

Jesus clearly makes the case that you don’t want to be chosen for judgment and death.

You want to be judged, saved, and left behind to live another day!)


Yes, our Gospel is about judgment and death,

salted with a little bit of fear.

Jesus teaches about judgment and death

with the hope of changing our behavior.


But listen to the other side of the message.


Jesus is teaching that

A new day is dawning,

something great is coming,

and like Noah who faithfully built the ark and was saved,

and like the faithful worker laboring in the field who was left behind and was saved,

so, too, are we to prepare ourselves

for what the Lord has imminently in store for us,

his imminent return, judgment, and salvation.


It’s time to build an ark

And get in it,

For a storm is coming.



How are we to prepare?


Hear these words from the prophet Isaiah:


“The word that Isaiah son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. In days to come the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be raised above the hills; all the nations shall stream to it. Many peoples shall come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.”


For out of Zion shall go forth instruction, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. He shall judge between the nations, and shall arbitrate for many peoples; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more. O house of Jacob, come, let us walk in the light of the Lord!”

(Isaiah 2:1-5)


How are we to prepare ourselves?


The prophet Isaiah gives us a hint today.

The day is coming, Isaiah correctly observes,

when the nations of the world will stream to the mountain of the Lord.

Out of that mountain will come instruction.

The Lord will teach us his ways;

how to walk in his paths.


Those who follow the Lord’s way and walk in his path

will be passed over from death into life,

will receive the promise of a world

where there are no more weapons and war.

Swords will be recast into plows, and

Spears will be beaten into pruning hooks.


Weapons of death will be destroyed;

Recycled into agricultural implements and tools, and

All will be fed in peace.


Those who follow his ways and walk in his path

are given the promise that something new and wonderful is coming.

Live at war, in constant confrontation, fighting, and violence

and face judgment and death, or,

Live in eternal peace

by planting, pruning, feeding, and growing God’s kingdom.



What exactly does the Lord have in store for us?

we ask on this first Sunday of Advent.

What is so urgent that we should

run right home and get prepared?


Quite honestly,

Jesus is coming.


Advent is the annual metaphor

for the imminent return of Christ.

Christ is coming:

to those who rode out the flood with Noah and his family,

to those who haven’t be taken from the field to face judgment and death,

to those who have faithfully planted, pruned, and harvested,

to those who have listened to the Lord’s will and followed in the Lord’s ways.


“Therefore you also must be ready,”

Jesus teaches, “for the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour.”



Salvation is at hand.


Personally, it seems silly to set an arbitrary date for a birthday

when the baby Jesus comes and we throw a big party.

That was the first time around

With annual celebrations ever since.

Who doesn’t like a good party?


We don’t know, and have no way of knowing

how, or when, or even why Christ will come the next time around.

But he is coming;

so be prepared.



Insight to the future

often results in a change in current behavior.


If you see a light at the end of the tunnel,

You might want to get off the tracks.


If you knew a thief was coming,

you’d bolt the door,

get out the baseball bat, and

put on a cup of coffee to keep yourself awake.


Now that you know Christ is coming,

what are you going to do?

How will you change your behavior

knowing that Jesus might be waiting for you in the next minute, hour, or day?


I can’t answer this for you.

Neither does it help

for me to tell you what you have to do.


As for me and my life,

my preparations don’t focus on death and dying.

I’m focused on living and life;

eternal life with my Lord and Savior

starting new each moment

with my commitment to Him,

faithfully following his will, and

awaiting His triumphant return.


Like the Apostle Paul,

I live my life prepared to die,

(some days better than others)

prepared to welcome Christ when he returns,

by faithfully

listening to God’s will and

walking in His path.



The way of the Lord may be the road less traveled.

Yet, I invite you to join me.

Beloved house of Jacob, come, let us walk in the light of the Lord.

Prepare for the day when the Lord returns and

judgment will be at hand.


Embrace life!

Taste and see the richness of salvation.

The majesty of Advent welcomes the day we are passed over,

the divide between earth and heaven disappears.

Eternal peace is coming.

All will be filled.


“This is My King!”

Luke 23:33-43

24 November 2019

the Rev. Todd R. Goddard, Pastor

Rush United Methodist Church


Luke 23:33-43

When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left.

Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” And they cast lots to divide his clothing.

And the people stood by, watching; but the leaders scoffed at him, saying, “He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah of God, his chosen one!”

The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” There was also an inscription over him, “This is the King of the Jews.”

One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding him and saying, “Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us!” But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong.”

Then he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.”

He replied, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”



Today is Christ the King Sunday,

The final Sunday of the Liturgical Year.

(from The Christian Year, JCJ Metford)


Starting next Sunday,

The First Sunday of Advent,

Our primary Gospel will change

From Luke to Matthew,

With the Gospel of John providing support

Throughout the year.


Christ the King,

Also known as the Reign of Christ, was

Formally declared by the

1st General Council of Constantinople, in 381 AD.



This is the official proclamation from our Church Fathers:


“… one like the Son of man was given dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.”


Cyril, the Patriarch of Alexandria,



wrote about 60 years later,


“Christ has dominion over all creatures, …by essence and by nature.” His kingship is founded upon the hypostatic union. “…[T]he Word of God, as consubstantial with the Father, has all things in common with him, and therefore has necessarily supreme and absolute dominion over all things created.”




In other words,

Because Jesus and the Father are One God, and

Because our heavenly Father is our King,



Christ is our King

With total dominion over all things.


All on earth do dwell, we

Recognize the Sovereignty of Christ, our King,

Submit to the Will of Christ, our King,

Serve the Needs of Christ, our King, and we

Praise Christ, our King.



Today, we find



a broken, bloodied pulp

Crucified on a cross,

Looking less like a king,

Much more like a failed, broken man.

As we look up into his sorrowful eyes

We beg the question: What makes Christ our King?


What makes Christ our King?



“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”



Jesus was crucified at the place called The Skull

Along side two criminals,

and Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


People stood by, watching,

but did nothing.

Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


They cast lots to divide his clothing,

and Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


The leaders of the people scoffed at him,

and Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


The soldiers mocked him with sour wine,

and Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


One of the criminals mocked him,

and Jesus said,

“Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”


Jesus is my King because He forgives my sins,

just as he forgave those who did him such an injustice.

And Jesus forgives your sins, too.




Jesus yielded not to temptation.


This wasn’t the first-time Jesus faced temptation.

At the beginning of His ministry,

He was in the wilderness 40 days with the devil,

was tempted 3 times,

but Jesus yielded not to temptation.


Today, Jesus was tempted to save himself,

just as the leaders of the people suggested,

but Jesus yielded not to temptation.


Jesus was tempted to save himself,

just as the soldiers suggested,

but Jesus yielded not to temptation.


Jesus was tempted to save himself and the criminals,

just as the one criminal insulted,

but Jesus yielded not to temptation.


Jesus is my King because

He gives me the strength to resist temptation.

Jesus walked in my shoes.

Jesus walks by my side.

He gives me the strength.

And he gives you the strength to resist temptation, too.




Jesus saves those who confess their sins and place their faith in Him:

“Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”



The wasn’t the first-time Jesus brought salvation

to one who confessed his sins and placed their faith in him.


Earlier, we heard of Zacchaeus.

“Today salvation has come to this house.”

“Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”


Confess your sins and place your faith in Jesus.


A few weeks ago,

we heard about one of 10 people healed of leprosy returned to Jesus to give thanks,

“Get up and go on your way;” Jesus told him,

“Your faith has made you well.”

“Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”


Confess your sins and place your faith in Jesus.


And before that, we heard the story of a prodigal son who returned to his father.

“Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”


Confess your sins and place your faith in Jesus.


Today, it is a convicted capital criminal,

who confesses his crime to Jesus,

as they were pierced and hung;

crucified side by side.


Imagine the faith of the condemned criminal.

He looks over at the nearly dead Jesus

And sees a crown,

Where I would have seen a grave.

“Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom,” he asked.

Jesus replied “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise.”


Jesus is my King because He hears my confessions.

He hears my petitions and answers my prayers.

He saves me into Paradise.

And he can save you, too.



Kings are empowered by their people.

To what do you ascribe Christ as our King?

I am called to testify to Christ,

To point to Christ,

To proclaim Jesus Christ is my King.



He is

The one who forgives my sins.

Jesus is

The one who gives me the strength and the ability to resist temptations.

Jesus is

The one who hears my confessions, my petitions, and saves me into Paradise.


On this Christ the King Sunday,

I am called to give Jesus thanks;

thanks for these unlimited, unmerited gifts

of forgiveness, strength, and salvation.

Thank you, Jesus.


Claim your unlimited, unmerited gift of God’s grace for yourself.

Go forth and witness to what Christ has done for you.

Proclaim his sovereignty!

Give praise and thanks to Christ, our King!


“An Opportunity to Testify”


The Rev. Todd R. Goddard, Pastor

Luke 21:5-19

When some were speaking about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and gifts dedicated to God, he said, “As for these things that you see, the days will come when not one stone will be left upon another; all will be thrown down.”

They asked him, “Teacher, when will this be, and what will be the sign that this is about to take place?”

And he said, “Beware that you are not led astray; for many will come in my name and say, ‘I am he!’ and, ‘The time is near!’ Do not go after them. “When you hear of wars and insurrections, do not be terrified; for these things must take place first, but the end will not follow immediately.” Then he said to them, “Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; there will be great earthquakes, and in various places famines and plagues; and there will be dreadful portents and great signs from heaven.

“But before all this occurs, they will arrest you and persecute you; they will hand you over to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors because of my name. This will give you an opportunity to testify.

So make up your minds not to prepare your defense in advance; for I will give you words and a wisdom that none of your opponents will be able to withstand or contradict. You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, by relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. You will be hated by all because of my name. But not a hair of your head will perish. By your endurance you will gain your souls.



Perspective changes with time and events.

I remember the view from the observation deck of the World Trade Center.

New York City, Central Park, the 5 boroughs, JFK, Ellis Island, the harbor were all so beautiful on that spring day in 1978.

After 9/11 and debriefing first responders, my perspective changed forever.

Perspective changes with time and events.

Nearly one-thousand years before Jesus

The Jerusalem Temple had been built and rebuilt numerous times.

The first Temple was built by Solomon in 966 BCE.


380 years later

Babylon reduced it to rubble in 586 BCE.


48 years later

Cyrus the Great used the same stones to rebuild it.


518 years later

Herod the Great completed a massive expansion and renovation in 20 BCE.


50 years later

Jesus taught his disciples

this Gospel lesson

at the front door

on the Temple steps.


There was no greater building in all the world,

So thought those under the age of 50 and who never traveled more than 90 miles from home.


The foundation itself towered 105 feet,

Built of enormous stones, some as large as 517 tons.

According to the Roman historian Josephus, 1,000 oxen were used to build the foundation. (https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/temple-at-jerusalem/the-stones-of-herods-temple-reveal-temple-mount-history/)


Surely, the Temple would last forever.

Jesus had a perspective his disciples did not share.


All seeing, all knowing, all encompassing;


Eternal is God’s cosmic view.

Fully human and fully divine

Jesus definitely proclaimed the Temple’s destruction.

His disciples couldn’t see like Jesus

40 years into the future

When Rome would reduce the Temple to rubble once again.


I didn’t think the twin towers would ever come down, either.


The disciples of Jesus,

being taught by him on the Temple steps,

were focused on destruction and end times.


St. Luke’s generation of Christians

Seventy years later

Had a different perspective.


Rome destroyed the Temple and the City of Jerusalem in 70 AD.

Years later,

Sometime between 80 and 110 AD, scholars believe,

Our Gospel author, Luke, is testifying to the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus.


Luke is the one of many

Post-apostolic, first generation, first century, early Church fathers.

His testimony from 33 AD to 90 AD is preserved by storytelling, the oral tradition.

Later, the Gospel of Luke is first written,

Ink on parchment.


The audience of Luke’s witness were new Christians;

former Jews

Convinced and convicted by testimony of Christ’s death and resurrection.


First century Christians were in a mess!


They faced fire, destruction, defeat, and humiliation.

They suffered disease, famine, persecution, and martyrdom by the thousands.

They faced wars and insurrections;

Terrible portents at every turn.


They were not interested in the piles of rubble,

The building and grounds of the destroyed Temple.

What they needed was hope, assurance, … Good News

To lead them through the mess of their current crisis.

Luke delivers the Good News,

Using his keen memory, and

The memory of other Gospel authors.


Luke bears witness to Jesus

Who provides encouragement and teaches vigilance

In spades.


Jesus focus is on a new beginning,

Not on destruction or the end of time.

Yes, the world is a mess.

You’re facing terrible persecutions, famine, and plagues …

But …

The glass isn’t half-empty; it’s half-full.


These trials will provide you an opportunity to testify!


The word Testify is the key that unlocks the Gospel.


Be assured,

You don’t have to worry about what to say;

Jesus gives words for testimony.

Testimony convicts and converts;

Harvesting disciples by the bushel full.



Tell the story.

Leave the rest up to God.


Be assured,

Jesus provides wisdom that is unmatched by any opponent.

Not everyone is going to like the fact that you’re living in the wisdom of Jesus.

Some will hate you, even members of your own family.

Some might even kill your mortal body.


Be assured,

Jesus promises,

No one can harm your immortal soul.

Not a hair on your head will perish.

Disciples of Jesus witnessing their faith get an iron dome of protection.




This will gain your soul.


Can we connect the dots

And make the leap to our world today?



We’re in a mess!

If we are so smart why do we keep getting ourselves into wars?

Explain to me how Ivy League politicians put our sons and daughters into combat?

Can’t they negotiate away differences and avoid the violence?

Can’t we talk our way out of school yard fist fights?


If we are so smart why are we still plagued with the flu?

Thousands of researchers right here in Rochester

And millions around the world

are searching for cures to our most deadly diseases.

Progress comes in small increments.

Hope is measured in years.


If we are so smart why are there still famines?

Tell me why a change in global climate

can result in whole populations being flooded and going hungry.

Tell me why the families I meet in Guatemala cannot feed their children.

Malnutrition and starvation is a daily reality

Right here in our hemisphere,

Right next door.


California wildfires.

Caribbean hurricanes.

We can’t even predict, let alone stop, an earthquake.


We’re in a mess!

I haven’t mentioned school shootings or domestic terrorism.

Oh, yes; there is also the fact that every one of us

Comes from a dysfunctional family.

You can’t fool me.

We’ve all got skeletons in our closets.

“Parents and brothers, relatives, and friends;” Jesus explains

“And they will put some of you to death.” (21:16)



What are we to do?


Moving forward, Jesus tells us to testify;

Witness our faith to others.

Share what you’ve learned and what you have come to believe.

Make yourself a vessel through which the Holy Spirit can speak.

“Go therefore and make disciples of all nations,” the resurrected Jesus teaches,

“Baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything that I have commanded you. And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

(Matthew 28:19-20)


What are we to do?

Jesus is telling us here to

Focus on the long game.

Testify with endurance.


Empires come and go.

Nations rise and fall.

God is eternal.

God’s plan for you and me is eternal, too.


What are we to do?

Here, and elsewhere, Jesus tells us to remain vigilant.


Listen for signs of the times.

Be alert to God’s emerging kingdom.


The view from the observation deck

Pales in comparison to the Lord’s eternal history and promise.




Remain vigilant.

Be assured, our eternal interest is God’s greatest priority.


“God of the Living”

Luke 20:27-40

10 November 2020

The Rev. Todd R. Goddard, Pastor

Rush United Methodist Church


Luke 20:27-40


Some Sadducees, those who say there is no resurrection, came to him and asked him a question, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies, leaving a wife but no children, the man shall marry the widow and raise up children for his brother. Now there were seven brothers; the first married, and died childless; then the second and the third married her, and so in the same way all seven died childless. Finally the woman also died. In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had married her.”

Jesus said to them, “Those who belong to this age marry and are given in marriage; but those who are considered worthy of a place in that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. Indeed they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection. And the fact that the dead are raised Moses himself showed, in the story about the bush, where he speaks of the Lord as the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Now he is God not of the dead, but of the living; for to him all of them are alive.”

Then some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.” For they no longer dared to ask him another question.




What happens when you die?


As long as there is life and breath

This is a question that can not be dismissed.

At the same time,

It can not be answered by reason or experience alone.

What happens when you die?


Jesus says little about the subject,

Other than a parable about a rich man and Lazarus and

A word to a thief on the cross.

His brevity makes this Gospel passage from Luke all the more important.

This Gospel passage invites each of us

to explore more deeply the question:

What happens when you die?


A careful examination of the details of Jesus’ encounter with the Sadducees

Raises a lot of serious, even troubling, questions.

Adding historical and critical context

brings into focus the central question at hand,

What happens when you die?


Jesus is in Jerusalem,

in the Temple teaching,

As Rabbi’s often did.

Some would teach students on the stairs leading up into the Temple,

Others would hold class in the shade of the porticos that ringed the perimeter of the plaza.


The time is near for Jesus;

He would die soon.


Chief priests, scribes, and elders were in the crowd of students

surrounding Jesus,

soaking up his every word.

They challenged his authority.

He risked upsetting the tenuous peace

Between Rome and the occupied population.


He risked undermining the Roman sanctioned

Temple authority and economy.

Upset cash flow and you’re in deep trouble really quick.


The chief priests, scribes, and elders wanted to lay hands on Jesus,

But they feared the people. (20:19)

So, they bid their time.

They recruited spies and lawyers to ask controversial questions,

Collect evidence, and

Waited for Jesus to hang himself.

Timing was everything.


Jesus is on a powder keg;

Barely weeks before he is arrested, abused, suffers, is crucified,

And his body laid into the tomb.


What happens when you die?


We tend to think of ancient, Rabbinical Judaism as being monolithic,

Of one mind,

But it wasn’t.

It was as fractured and diverse,

Different sects and schools of thought,

Full of landmines and debates,

Just as Christianity is today.


Consider Pharisees, Priests, Scribes, Essenes, and Sadducees;

A mixture of lay and clergy

With greatly divergent beliefs about God,

God’s present relationship with us,

And God’s future plan.


Pharisees, we heard last week, were a religious sect

Of both religious leaders and the laity, whose

Fundamental value was rigid adherence to the the Laws of Moses.

Pharisees were moral and theological conservatives.


Priests, on the other hand,

Were male descendants from Aaron,

The elder brother of Moses.

One wasn’t called to become a priest.

One was born a priest, or not.


Priests were charged with running the Temple.


Selling Temple raised sacrificial birds and lambs.

Priests oversaw the operation of ritual baths.

Priests collecting tithes from pilgrims.

They presiding over and participated in animal sacrifice, and

They maintained overall order.


Scribes were composed of Jewish aristocracy,

Whose function was to copy sacred manuscripts,

Making them learned in the Law.

Think of scribes as being seminary professors,

Experts in scripture

Who often served in positions of power in society.

For example, many served on the Sanhedrin

Who tried and convicted Jesus.


Essenes, only mentioned outside of the Bible,

Clustered in monastic communities, and

Held all things in common.

Essenes observed the Law of Moses,

Practiced ritual washing and purity, and

Professed belief in immortality but not resurrection of the body.


When it came to the topic of resurrection,

The debate within Judaism at the time of Jesus was raging.

Powerful people had a stake in the argument.

The stability of civilization and

authority of the Empire and Rabbinical Judaism were at risk.


The theological pump was primed for Jesus to be resurrected from the grave;

Which fanned the flame for early Christianity.

Former Jews who believed in resurrection of the body,

Looked upon the resurrected Christ standing right in front of their eyes,

Were immediately were convinced and converted.

Christ is risen!

We were right!


Sadducees approached Jesus this morning and lit the powder keg.

They did not believe in the resurrection.

To prove their point

They asked Jesus a question about resurrection,

Using an absurd example of the application of the law of Levirate Marriage.

Their question is nearly identical as recorded in Matthew and Mark.


Why would they ask about resurrection if they didn’t believe in it?

Like the Essenes, Sadducees did not believe in resurrection,

But did believe in eternal life.

Eternal life, it was believed, was

“Living on in one’s descendants and in their memory,”

They believed.

(The New Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. IX, p.388)


Levirate Marriage made this possible.

As prescribed in Deuteronomy 25,

(and in at least 3 other ancient societies)

If a husband dies,

The widow is to marry the next oldest brother-in-law.


Ancient Jewish society treated women as property,

Repugnant today,

But the reality in the time of Moses.


Levirate Marriage, as prescribed in the Law of Moses,

Was an ethical step forward,

Ensuring security for the widow,

Perpetuation of property, and

The provision of children.


Ah, the provision of children;

Eternal life, as the Sadducees thought.

Not physical, bodily resurrection,

But immortality through children and descendents.


The response Jesus makes rocked their world,

Just as he is about to upset ours.




What happens when you die?

Does our spirit live for ever?

Do we float in clouds?

Do we soar?

Are we filled with all knowledge

Of past, present, and future?


What happens when you die?

Are we reunited with family members?

How about uncle Ale, who spent time in prison for unspeakable crimes?

How about my spouse, who made my life a living hell?

Um, no thank you.


What happens when you die?

Is there a physical resurrection of our corpse?

Because, what the pathologist or mortician does pretty much upsets that apple cart.

Will there be a resuscitation of all corpses when Jesus comes again?




Jesus uses the example of Levirate Marriage to teach us

That women are not to be treated as property,

But as children of God.

Men, take notice.

Women, stand tall.

While scripture may not treat everyone equally and respectfully,

God does.


At the same time, Jesus doubles down with Levirate Marriage.

He uses it to reveal God’s plan for death, resurrection, and eternal life.

If you’re interested in what happens when you or a loved one dies,

Pay attention!


Jesus says,

“Those who are considered worthy of a place in that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. Indeed, they can not die anymore, because they are like angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.”



Let’s unpack this.


“Considered worthy”

Not all will be judged worthy,

Even though all will be forgiven of sins and judged with love.


“A place in that age and in the resurrection from the dead” …

Yes, Jesus teaches us,

There is eternal life and a future resurrection from the dead.

I’m pretty confident that the Creator of life

Is even able to knit muscles on old dry bones

And breathe life into a corpse.


“They are like angels and are children of God”

You’ve heard about angels, haven’t you?

Scripture is full of examples of God sending angels to carry out God’s plan.

Some angels bring good news,

Others bring words of warning.

Some come in dreams,

Others like to wrestle.


That angelic presence of a loved one?


That’s God’s gift to you.

Listen to what that angel has to day.

Give thanks to God for loving you so much

To think of you and to send you an angel.

Yes, angels are watching out over you and me

every moment of every day.

So, watch what you say and do!


“Those considered worthy … are children of the resurrection”;

That is … children of Jesus,

Who we quite famously know,

Rose from the dead.


Jesus cites the Patriarchs,

Moses, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,

as examples of resurrection,

Which isn’t terribly convincing to me.


His most convincing argument for resurrection

Lay in his future:

An empty garden tomb,

In an Upper Room,

On a walk to Emmaus, and

Breakfast on a lake shore.


We may confidently recite the Apostles’ Creed,

“I believe in … the communion of saints,

The forgiveness of sins,

The resurrection of the body,

And the life everlasting.”


Forgiveness of sin, resurrection, eternal life is

What happens when you die, Jesus tells us.

How God’s plan for resurrection and eternal life is implemented at death, however,

Is as much of a mystery to me, as it is to you.


What happens when you die?

The line between heaven and earth is drawn so thin

One is able to see the activity of God with crystal clarity.

There is nothing to fear.

There is everything to gain.

The Lord of resurrection and eternal life

Does not allow death to remain as the final judgement.

Our God, who knew us before our conception,

Created us, and breathed life into our lungs,

Is the Lord of life.


Jesus reminds us,

“I am the resurrection and I am life.

Those who believe in me, even though they die, yet shall they live,

And whoever lives and believes in me shall never die.”

(John 11:25-26)


“Great is Your Reward”

1Luke 6:20-31

November 3, 2019 – All Saints’ Sunday

The Rev. Todd R. Goddard, Pastor

Rush United Methodist Church


Luke 6:20-31


Then he looked up at his disciples and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. “Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you will be filled. “Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. “Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you, revile you, and defame you on account of the Son of Man. Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, for surely your reward is great in heaven; for that is what their ancestors did to the prophets.

“But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation. “Woe to you who are full now, for you will be hungry. “Woe to you who are laughing now, for you will mourn and weep. “Woe to you when all speak well of you, for that is what their ancestors did to the false prophets.

“But I say to you that listen, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. If anyone strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also; and from anyone who takes away your coat do not withhold even your shirt. Give to everyone who begs from you; and if anyone takes away your goods, do not ask for them again. Do to others as you would have them do to you.




Blessed All Saints’ Sunday.


For 1,646 years

Christianity has celebrated with great respect

The memory and legacy of faithful disciples of Jesus Christ

Whose mortal life is ended, and

Whose eternal life with God and all the saints

has been confirmed.


All Saints’ Day,

The First of November,

Was first recognized by St. Ephrem in 373 A.D.

Due to the fact that so many Christians were being persecuted and martyred,

It became impossible for each Saint

to be given a unique day in a calendar year.

In time, November 1st

became the day we collectively recognize all the saints.


(By the way)

Halloween, was named from the Old English combination of

Hallow, meaning saint, and

Een, or eve, meaning the day prior to the celebration of the saint.

Secular ghouls and ghosts of the imagination soon followed.


All Saints’ Day is a holy day John Wesley loved.

“All Saints Day revolves around,” Wesley said,

“giving God solemn thanks for the lives and deaths of his saints”, including those who are “famous or obscure”.”

(Iovino, Joe (28 October 2015). “All Saints Day: A holy day John Wesley loved”. The United Methodist Church. Retrieved 20 October 2016.)


A saint is anyone in heaven,

Who collectively forms a “great cloud of witnesses”

Surrounding us, here on earth.

Hebrews 12:1-2 reads,


“Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight and the sin that clings so closely, and let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus the pioneer and perfecter of our faith, who for the sake of the joy that was set before him endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of God.”


The line between heaven and earth is very thin.


Saints are not perfect people.

They were sinners who ran a mortal race,

striving for perfection,

looking to Jesus.

Saints were people

Just like you and me.


The words and actions of saints serve as a witness to each of us:

This is the Christ I follow!

These are the mistakes I made!

Learn from these mistakes!


Grow closer to Jesus!

Grow more disciples following Jesus!

Expand! Expand! Expand!


I appreciate the distinction that


saints are perfected sinners,

once mortal,

now immortal.

This contrast gives emphasis to Luke’s unique narrative of Jesus’ Beatitudes.

Blessed are … and

Woe to you.


Woe to you, mere mortals,

Inhabitants of aging, aching bodies!


Woe, or “ouai” in the Greek

– pronounced oo-ah-ee –

Is an emotional word, such as Yikes! Or Look Out!



Contrast woe with blessed,

As saints lifted into eternal glory!

Blessed, or “Makarios” in the Greek

– pronounced mak-ar-ee-os –

Means God’s benefits are extended to the one being blessed.

Salvation is God’s benefit extended to saints in heaven.



Jesus is teaching

God’s benefit of eternal life is gifted to

The poor, hungry, those who weep and mourn.

The Lord’s salvation is given to those

Who are hated, reviled, and defamed

Simply because the faith of their mortal life was defined by following Jesus.


Look out, you who are rich! Jesus is saying.

When your mortal life ends, you’re going to become poor.

You can’t take anything with you.


You who went back to the buffet for seconds and are so stuffed you need to loosen your belt?

Yikes! Jesus is saying. Death is going to bring a hunger that can’t be satisfied.


Look out! Those whose party never seems to end.

It’s coming to an end.

Time is running out.


Living on the path of discipleship leading to sainthood,

Means we love our enemies.

No exceptions.

Bless those who curse you, and

Pray for those who abuse you.


What will your obituary say?

How will your eulogy read?

What will be your legacy?


Will people say,

He was the most loving person?

Or, she was a blessing to all her neighbors, near and far?

Or, he was always praying; at the drop of a hat, he’d hold your hand and start praying?


Riding this mortal train to glory,

Means we don’t respond when insulted.

We just don’t.

We don’t retaliate when robbed.

We give to every beggar, knowing full well that

one or more don’t need our charity and will abuse our gift.

We lend

without the expectation that

what we lent

will ever be returned.


Making our way through life is a journey leading to Jesus.

Closing in on eternity and sainthood means

We live according to Christ’s Golden Rule:


“Do to others as you would have them do to you.” (6:26)


This is what Jesus taught;

This is how we are to behave.

This is the blessing,

The legacy,

Of All Saints’ Sunday.

Make it your legacy, too.


Thanks be to God.